Saturday, October 8, 2016

NOBEL PEACE 2016. Juan Manuel Santos, Colombia president, is the winner of this year

President of Colombia, Juan Manuel Santos, winner of the Nobel Peace Prize 2016 for his efforts to end 50 years of civil war.

Following the civil war in Colombia that lasted 50 years, more than 220,000 lives perished and about six million people had been relocated. Nobel Peace Prize 2016 was awarded the President of Colombia, Juan Manuel Santos, and all the inhabitants of the country who have not lost hope for peace. Also, the prize is a tribute to all victims of the civil war.

President Santos has initiated negotiations that culminated in the peace agreement between the Colombian government and FARC guerrillas, it continuously trying to advance the peace process. It is well known that the agreement had controversy and Colombian residents were able to express their opinion through a referendum on the document. The result was unexpected votes, about 13 million votes were against the agreement. Even if residents were against the agreement, the process can be brought to an end.

Norwegian Nobel Committee wanted to stress the importance that President Santos currently invites all parties to participate in a national conference through which desired acceleration of peacebuilding.

The Nobel Committee believes that despite the failure of the referendum, President Santos brought the conflict to a state very close to a possible peace agreement.

This year, the number of candidates nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize has reached the record figure of 376, surpassing the previous record of 278 proposals, established in 2014, the Nobel Committee announced in Oslo institution that provides distinction.The list this year includes 228 individuals and 148 organizations, and among others, the list included Pope Francis, German Chancellor Angela Merkel, the volunteers who helped immigrants arrived on the Greek Islands or American actress Susan Sarandon, and controversial businessman and politician Donald Trump, the Republican Party candidate in the US presidential election.Nobel Peace Prize for 2015 was awarded the National Dialogue Quartet in Tunisia, "for his decisive contribution to building a pluralist democracy" in the country after the revolution in 2011. 

The quartet was formed in the summer of 2013, when the process of democratization Tunisia was in danger of collapse because of political assassinations and social unrest. It established an alternative political process peacefully, at a time when the country was on the verge of civil war.

In his will, Alfred Nobel Swedish industrialist and philanthropist (1833-1896) considered that the peace prize should return "one who acted the most or best for the fraternization of peoples, weapons abolition or reduction of standing, the initiation and multiplication peace congresses. "Over time, the Nobel committee has broadened the concept to reward artisans of humanitarian, environmental advocates and champions of the fight against poverty.Nobel Prizes are awarded since 1901, except for the economy, established in 1968 by the Swedish Central Bank to commemorate the 300th anniversary of the founding of this institution. The awards were created after the death of Alfred Nobel weld engineer (1833 - 1896), inventor of dynamite, in his will according to his will.

Nobel season began on 3 October 2016, when Japanese researcher Yoshinori Ohsumi was awarded the prize for medicine in 2016 for discovering the mechanism of autophagy. Errors in these genes can cause a range of diseases, and these findings help explain the causes of diseases like cancer or Parkinson's disease.

Yoshinori Ohsumi

October 4th, researchers David Thouless, Duncan Haldane and Michael Kosterlitz were declared winners of the Nobel Prize for Physics in 2016. The prize was awarded for discoveries ,, theoretical topological phase transitions and topographic phases of matter ''.

David Thouless, Duncan Haldane and Michael Kosterlitz

October 5th, Jean-Pierre Sauvage, Sir J. Fraser Stoddart and Bernard L. Feringa were rewarded with the Nobel Prize for Chemistry, for the design and synthesis of molecular machines. 

Source:  Descopera

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