Below are four great principles of Athenian democracy that modern democracies have not mastered:
|Ostraka table for ostracism photo: Commons.wikipedia.org|
Vote using hands
Ancient sources mention that the Athenians voted by submitting stone urns. Since the fifth century, the Athenians voted by show of hands or with small tokens of bronze. Moreover, the voting process was based on secret ballot, every citizen receive 2 chips, one that provided a tubular axle and one that provided a solid axle. They accounted choice for or against a proposal or a defendant.
The Athenians received a small sum of money in exchange for the position of member of a jury or a deliberative body. The payment was a democratic invention that was intended to ensure that poor people are not stipulated exclusion from social commitment. But as the right to vote was becoming increasingly broad principles have become stricter: part of the jury could only adult males. Women, foreigners and CLAVIERE were excluded.
Deciding on the people who vote
In Athens, all citizens had the right to vote and met every 10 days Pnyx, a small hill located right next to the Acropolis which can accommodate up to 6,000 members. This assembly decided military priorities, financial and religious also were granted various citizens and honored citizens. A small council of 500 members were preparing the meeting agenda. They were also debated foreign policy principles.
A system of government of the United States awfully similar to the Athenian might be unrecognizable. Senators and MPs would be elected by a pirncipiu similar to the lottery. Moreover, this scheme excludes the women and immigrants from politics and it might be exiled politicians unpopular.
Other articles on the same theme:
- Three false myths about antiquity. What is the truth behind the Greek democracy and Roman orgies
- Pankration or fear the Greeks when they are angry ! ( Ancient Martial Arts )
- The truth about Thermopylae and the 300 Spartans who accompanied King Leonidas to the Gates of Fire
- THE OLYMPICS IN ANCIENT GREECE
The above post is reprinted from materials provided by National Geographic . Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.