|Pharaoh Ramses I inscriptions photo: pinterest|
Egyptian archaeologists have managed to uncover the remains of four ancient temples in the Sinai peninsula, temples from which hope to gain information about one of the darkest and most misunderstood periods in the history of Ancient Egypt, announces Discovery News.
Menpehtyre Ramesses I (or Ramses) was the founding pharaoh of ancient Egypt's 19th dynasty. The dates for his short reign are not completely known but the time-line of late 1292–1290 BC is frequently cited as well as 1295–1294 BC.
|Stone head carving of Paramessu (Ramesses I), originally part of a statue depicting him as a scribe. On display at the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston. photo: wikipedia.org|
While Ramesses I was the founder of the 19th dynasty, in reality his brief reign marked the transition between the reign of Horemheb who had stabilized Egypt in the late 18th dynasty and the rule of the powerful pharaohs of this dynasty, in particular his son Seti I and grandson Ramesses II, who would bring Egypt up to new heights of imperial power.
|One of the four external seated statuesof Ramesses II at Abu Simbel. photo: wikipedia.org|
|Image of Seti I from his temple in Abydos photo: wikipedia.org|
The few inscriptions deciphered so far tells a strange episode, that of the Asian peoples known as the Hyksos who invaded Egypt in the time of the II dynasty (1991-1802 BC). In fact, the Hyksos ruled Egypt for more than a century, during which moved their capital in the Nile Delta at Avaris.
"We found an engraving of Pharaoh Ramses I, stood before the god Set, the god worshiped by Kyksos. Engraving is the first of its kind ever found, "said Mohammed Abdel Maksud, one of the archaeologists involved in the project.
The term Hyksos means "foreign ruler" in ancient Greek language, and representatives of this dynasty were so hated by the crowd that when they were removed, which reminded them any monument was destroyed. That is why they know so little about this historical period.
Other articles on the same theme:
- Creepy assassination of Ramesses III. After thousands of years, Egyptologists reveals how great king was killed
The above post is reprinted from materials provided by Discovery . Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.