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Thursday, November 17, 2016

Avicenna: the greatest scholar of the Arab world

Now more than a thousand years in the vastness of Central Asia was born one of the most impressive geniuses in human history. 

Considered as the greatest scientist of all Muslim civilizations, Avicenna shone unrivaled in all areas in which he worked. He was a philosopher with an encyclopedic knowledge, scientist and pioneer in medicine practitioner and theorist alike and, not least, poet and musician. 

He is the author of a work which encompasses almost all aspects of grandiose human knowledge of his time. Who was called Abu Ali al-Husayn ibn Abd Allah ibn Sina (Avicenna Europe Latin) to incarnate through his itinerary and his immense encyclopaedic culture, medieval prototype universal intellectual.

The most brilliant mind of the Muslim civilization was born in the village Qishlak Afshona 980 near Bukhara (now in Uzbekistan), the then capital shaman Persian dynasty that reigned in Central Asia and Khorasan province.

Luckily for him, Avicenna was born into a family of Iranian senior officials of Turkish origin, so has benefited from an educated infancy and attention of parents who noticed early intellectual potential of the child.

Child's independent spirit was crowned by a stunning intelligence and memory, which allowed the age of only 14 teachers to emulate. As noted in his autobiography, Avicenna already learned all there at the time in the world in terms of knowledge written up to do the 18.

Treaty of Medicine of Avicenna, Persian Edition.

In fact, according to the same autobiographies, gifted child already memorized all the Quran surahs up to fulfill 10 years.
Education and subsequent research has been marked by a encyclopaedism overflowing.

"Devours" all writings complete Arabic grammar, geometry, physics, Islamic law, theology and medicine.
It becomes very attracted to one of the geniuses of Ancient Greece data, namely Aristotle. Soar with unprecedented enthusiasm in studying the work of the great Greek thinker. Read avidly of Aristotle's Metaphysics forty times until you remember every word, but sadly aware that fails to understand the meanings and mysteries behind the words.

Failure is not ambition but to make him more. For over a year and a half he spends time reading, studying and praying in the mosque for illumination. This comes only after, in a moment of inspiration, buy a pittance from a market comments and treaty Muslim philosopher Al-Farabi on Metaphysics.

 So happy, just 16 years to fully understand the spirit and vision of his illustrious master of ancient Greece, which obviously never met in life. Fire sensitive to others suffering and disease, Avicenna attached and medical science. By the age of 18 already discovered that:

 "Medicine is not a hard science like mathematics and metaphysics and rough, so we made great progress. I became a skillful doctor and began to treat my first patients using approved remedies. " The young man soon get famous, not only because of the success treating patients, but also because, like saints with silver Christian universe, Avicenna treat their patients without requiring them money.

 When he was 22 his father died suddenly. Traumatic event coincided with political and social turmoil of the time, so the young man is seen trapped in a real carousel of some constant wanderings.
Physician, traveler, lighting

 In order to exercise the medical profession, it installs as political adventures take him to the service of the various Muslim dynasties which was at one time. Enough to live in major cities of Persia, and ravy (near Tehran), Hamadan and Isfahan, where it enters the emirs services buyizi Shiites and reach a point where even become Grand Vizier (somewhat equivalent to a prime minister today).
 His first job was that of an emir's personal physician. After he healed a long illness, his grateful Emir offered a large sum of money. Avicenna politely refused, instead asking him unlimited access to the Library and Archives shaman Dynasty official. How often brings success and troubles, Avicenna is bypassed gossip, envy, hostility overt or hidden, and slander.

The Hebrew and Latin translations made ​​at Toledo in the twelfth century, his work alongside the creations of other great thinkers of Islam, will arrive in Western Europe, where his role will be particularly important in medicine and philosophy. European influence was so great that gave birth to a truly "avicennism latin" with Christian disciples very important, as Roger Bacon, John Dunn Scott (one of the founders of scholastic philosophy), St. Thomas Aquinas, St. Albert the Great , Geoffreyy Chaucer and even St. Augustine, one of Părinţiii Roman Catholic Church.

Without assessments push it against him, Avicenna is among the pioneers of the scientific basis of human knowledge quest. Philosopher René Descartes was among the first modern thinkers who were influenced by Avicenna. Towards the end of his life, persecution of Shia Muslims quickens under the orders of Sultan Mahmud of Ghazna, a Sunni fanatic.

Avicenna's tombstone photo: pinterest

Avicenna was compelled to find refuge in Hamadan. In 1023, he was forced to flee to Isfahan, where he spent the last 14 years of his life under the protection Alaaddowleh emir, who commissioned him to do further research in astronomy. All died at Hamadan, in the month of September (August after other historical sources) in the year 1037, when he was only 57 years old.

Source: Descopera

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